Sore Throat, A Guide on The Causes, Types, And Treatments.

Introduction

sore throat causes
sore throat causes

This article will walk you through the types of sore throat, causes, treatment, and preventions of sore throat.

You all may know that cold and cough are not good feelings. But we often don’t pay attention to sore throat and what we can do about it. A typical sore throat can be caused by cold and flu, but there are different kinds of sore throat. So we need to know and identify the different types to cure it immediately and avoid further damage to our body.

Here, we will look at all of that aspects.

What is Sore Throat

A sore throat is usually pain, burning, or discomfort of the throat, which often occurs more frequently when you swallow than when you breathe out. In medical terms, it is an inflammation of the larynx or neck area and is quite commonly known as pharyngitis.

Types and Causes 

There are two main types of sore throat which are viral and bacterial sore throats.  A viral sore throat, the most common type of sore throat, usually remains present around 2-3 days with a feeling of pain in your whole throat.  In many cases, you might find that your lymph nodes under your jaw also feel swollen.  Bacterial sore throats have a more particular cause: strep or tonsillitis, although not necessarily one or the other.  In some cases, there has been no cause for a bacterial sore throat until confirmed from the culture results of the laboratory.

  • A bacterial sore throat can sometimes be accompanied by fever, yellowing the whites of the eyes, or a general feeling of being unwell. 
  • The primary cause of a sore throat is a viral infection such as a cold or the flu. 

Treatment of Bacterial Origin:

The most common treatment for this condition is the use of antibiotics. For example, if the infection is caused by streptococcal disease, doctors will usually prescribe a course of antibiotics to kill off any living bacteria. In addition, depending on the severity of the symptoms, other types of medication may be prescribed, such as antiallergics, decongestants, and pain killers to control the inflammation and reduce the pain. 

These antibiotics, however, are only effective against a selected group of bacteria and should not be used on their own for infections caused by other types of bacteria.

Treatment and management of Viral origin:

  • A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own and can be soothed by Lozenges and Mucus Relief Cough Syrup.
  • Pain killers, antiallergics, and supportive medicines are used to manage symptomatic relief.
  • Povidine solution and other antiseptic gargles have remarkable effects on viral throat infections.

Preventions from sore throat:

You’ve been smart all season, but you’re still getting sore throats. Here are some ways to prevent sore throats from happening again.

If you smoke, get help to stop. In addition, nonsmokers should avoid secondhand smoke, which can cause sore throat.

Prevent colds and the flu, which often bring on sore throats, by taking these steps:

  • Keeping your distance from people who are sick can prevent the spread of germs.
  • Washing your hands frequently reduces the risk of getting a sore throat.
  • Never share food, drinks, and utensils with others if you want to be safe.
  • Because handshakes can spread germs, it’s essential to keep your hands away from both your eyes and face, as well as wash hands thoroughly after shaking hands.
  • Eat a healthy diet to boost your immunity and prevent sore throat.
  • Also, the CDC recommends that everyone older than six months get a flu shot every year, which can keep you safe.
  • If you have allergies or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you may be prone to throat trouble. You can usually find relief by getting treated for these problems, so talk to your doctor.

Hopefully, this article has taught you a lot about sore throats and the best ways to treat them.

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