What are the different types of diabetes mellitus?

What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, heterogeneous metabolic disease with complex pathogenesis. It’s characterized by an elevated blood glucose level or hyperglycemia due to a disturbance in insulin secretion or insulin action or both. Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how the body converts food into energy. The body breaks down most food into sugar (glucose) and releases it into the bloodstream. When blood sugar rises, the pancreas gives the signal to release insulin. Insulin acts like a key that directs blood sugar into the body’s cells so it can be used as energy. With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should. When there’s too little insulin or your cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream.  Over time, this can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, vision problems, and kidney disease. There’s no cure for diabetes yet, but losing weight, eating healthy, and exercising can help. Other things you can do to help: Take medications prescribed by your endocrinologist. Get diabetes self-management education and support from a diabetic educator. Go to your doctor’s appointments regularly, at least

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