What is Lantus?
The Lantus is a brand name for Sanofi, which is a prescription medicine and is used to treat and manage:
- Diabetes Type-1 in children and adults aged six years or older.
- Adults with Type-2 diabetes
It contains the drug insulin glargine, long-acting insulin.
This drug is available in two forms of dosage, the vial, and the pen, also known as solostar.
The vial is filled with 10ml of the solution, i.e., and it contains 100 IU insulin glargine for each milliliter. Thus, the total amount of insulin in the vial is 1000 in IU. Therefore, the solution is possible to use a 1ml (calibrated using IU) injection beneath the skin.
Solostar pen has 3mL of insulin glargine, the equivalent of 100 units per milliliter of solution.
A pen is comprised of 300 IU of insulin Glargine. For example, the Solostar, one box is made up of five solostar pens. Thus, one package contains 1500 IU insulin Glargine.
Lantus mechanism of action
To know the way glargine functions throughout the body?
Let me first explain the insulin mechanism in the body.
- Natural insulin aids in the transfer of sugar from the blood into the cells of your body, and body cells convert the sugar into calories.
- Insulin assists muscles in using sugar to provide energy.
- Insulin blocks the liver from creating more sugar from proteins and fats through gluconeogenesis.
- Insulin aids the body in making proteins and stores sugar as fats within the body.
The pancreas is unable to make insulin in the case of type 1 diabetes.
Therefore, patients must take medication, like Lantus, which acts as natural human insulin.
In diabetes Typ-2, the cells aren’t responding to insulin the way they are supposed to. As a result, the pancreas can also stop producing insulin, and the patient will need replacement with insulin or similar drugs. Lantus is a source of insulin glargine, which functions as natural insulin.
Lantus is insulin with a long-acting mechanism used for treating adults who have type 2 diabetes and pediatric patients (children who are six years old and older) who have Type 1 Diabetes to manage high blood sugar levels. It is a drug that can be used by itself or in conjunction with other diabetes drugs.
Dosage of Lantus:
The dose of Lantus is prescribed by the doctor based on:
- to the extent of the disease.
- Your weight.
- Blood sugar control history.
- Your blood sugar level goals.
Typically, your doctor will begin you on the lowest dosage of Lantus. After that, they will adjust it by time until you are at the insulin dose suitable for your needs. The physician usually starts with a small amount which will give the desired result.